Analyzing risks to address vulnerabilities to disasters

The Disaster Preparedness Committee of Hugpong-Kababaihan and representatives of vulnerable sectors of Barangay Poblacion Zone II in Estancia, Iloilo conducted workshops on Community Risk Assessment (CRA) and Capacities and Vulnerabilities Assessment (CVA) to identify hazards, capacities and vulnerabilities of residents in their barangay and understand disaster risks in order to increase their readiness and capacity to face future disasters. The CRA and CVA workshops were facilitated by the Center for Environmental Concerns-Philippines on July 29, 2015 and August 14, 2015, respectively, as part of its Community- based Disaster Risk Reduction Management program. Similar workshops were held for Barangay Bulaquena and Botongon in Estancia.

The CRA workshop aimed to produce baseline data assessing hazards in the barangay using various tools such as hazard assessment table, community hazard mapping and disaster timeline. Results of the CRA will be used in identifying appropriate measures in developing a contingency plan, evacuation plan, early warning systems and the design of the community disaster drill in the village.

During the workshop, participants recorded past disastrous events as well as geological and meteorological hazards in Barangay Poblacion Zone II. Based on their recollection, the most common threats to residents are storms, flooding and fires.

Community risk mapping

Participants creating a risk map of Barangay Poblacion Zone II, Estancia, Iloilo.


The CVA workshop looked into existing factors contributing to the community’s capacity to respond to and rebuild from aftermath of disasters, as well as vulnerabilities that exposes it to dangers of hazards. Participants were able to identify strengths and resources that help residents adapt to hazards and reduce risks. Moreover, they were able to enumerate environmental, social and economic vulnerabilities that exacerbate the damaging impacts of disasters.

Plans for mitigating disaster risks in the barangay should consider the multitude of factors that will strengthen or weaken people’s resilience to disasters. Capacities should be seen as opportunities that should be maximized, while vulnerabilities should be addressed accordingly to protect communities, especially marginalized sectors, from bearing the brunt of disaster impacts. It is important, too, to involve communities in planning for appropriate actions and solutions, so they can collectively take power in planning for their future.


Capacities and vulnerabilities assessment

A group of senior citizens identifying capacities and vulnerabilities of their sector.

Western Visayas


Photo from Eastern Visayas Team: Agricultural engineer Ronald Garcia of AGHAM (Advocates of Science and Technology for the People) and members of ASFA’s Livelihood Committee dug soil samples for analysis to determine soil composition and fertility, among